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The Manhattan Beach Branch or Manhattan Beach Division was a line of the Long Island Rail Road, running from Fresh Pond, Queens south to Manhattan Beach, Brooklyn, New York City, United States. It opened in 1877 and 1878 as the main line of the New York and Manhattan Beach Railway. The tracks from Flatbush south to Manhattan Beach were removed from 1938 to 1941,[1] while most of the rest is now the freight-only Bay Ridge Branch.

At Manhattan Beach, the line extended east to Oriental Beach, and a branch to the Sheepshead Bay Race Track was provided north of Sheepshead Bay. Other lines in the Manhattan Beach Division included the West Brighton Beach Division (Culver Line),[citation needed] Bay Ridge Branch, and Evergreen Branch.


ContentsEdit

[hide]*1 History

[edit] HistoryEdit

[1][2]1878 map, including the short-lived Prospect Park DivisionPlanning for a line to Bay Ridge began in 1870 by the New York and Hempstead Plains Railroad (which built the Southern Hempstead Branch from Valley Stream to Hempstead). By 1873, the line was to run from Bay Ridge to East New York, where it would join the LIRR's Atlantic Avenue Division to Jamaica. The panic of 1873 struck after much work had been done in grading the new line.[2]

The New York, Bay Ridge and Jamaica Railroad was incorporated on November 20, 1875[3] to complete the work and operate the line to Jamaica, using the Brooklyn and Rockaway Beach Railroad (Canarsie Line) from New Lots to East New York and the LIRR Atlantic Avenue Division to Jamaica.[4] The first piece, from the Bay Ridge Ferry (to South Ferry, Manhattan) to the crossing of the Brooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Railroad (West End Line) at New Utrecht, opened on August 23, 1876. Trains were operated over the BB&CI to Coney Island via trackage rights from this junction.[5] Banker Austin Corbin incorporated the New York and Manhattan Beach Railway on October 24, 1876[3] to build a branch of this line to Manhattan Beach and extend it beyond East New York to Greenpoint and Hunter's Point. Corbin gained control of the New York, Bay Ridge and Jamaica Railroad on November 15, 1876.[6][7] The NY&MB bought the eastern half of Coney Island from the town of Gravesend and renamed it Manhattan Beach.[8]

The NYBR&J built the line from Bay Ridge east to New Lots, while the NY&MB built from Manhattan Beach north to the NYBR&J at Manhattan Beach Junction and from New Lots north to East New York on the west side of the Canarsie Line.[3] The new 3 foot (914 mm) narrow gauge system opened to terminals at Bay Ridge and East New York on July 18, 1877, concurrently with the Manhattan Beach Hotel and the New York and Sea Beach Railroad.[9] (The NY&MB leased the NYBR&J.[10])

The Glendale and East River Railroad was incorporated on March 26, 1874[11] to build from Greenpoint east to Glendale, Queens,[12] and was also acquired by Corbin in November 1876.[13] The line north from East New York to Jefferson Street was built by the NY&MB under the charter of the Brooklyn and Rockaway Beach Railroad (Canarsie Line),[3][14] which gave its right to construct an extension to Hunter's Point to the NY&MB.[15] The rest from Jefferson Street to Greenpoint was built by the G&ER and leased by the NY&MB.[11] This extension beyond East New York to Greenpoint opened at the beginning of the season on May 16, 1878.[16][17]

The Kings County Central Railroad was incorporated in 1877 by Electus B. Litchfield and Austin Corbin to build from downtown Brooklyn via the east side of Prospect Park to a connection with the NYBR&J east of Manhattan Beach, and to be leased by the NYBR&J.[18] The line, operated by the NY&MB as its Prospect Park Division (along with the Bay Ridge and Greenpoint Divisions),[19] was opened June 29, 1878 to Prospect Park,[20][21] but was a failure and closed for good at the end of the 1878 season.[citation needed]

The Eastern Railroad of Long Island was organized on November 28, 1878[22] to build a narrow gauge line from East New York on the NY&MB east via Woodhaven, Clarenceville, Jamaica, Springfield, Woodsburgh, Valley Stream, East Rockaway, Christian Hook, Freeport, Merrick, and South Oyster Bay to Babylon in competition with the LIRR's Southern Railroad Division. Corbin, who owned a summer house near Babylon,[23] put up the money to build the road, which was also planned to cross the South Bay near Amityville to Fire Island.[24]

However, Corbin acquired a controlling interest in the Long Island Rail Road on November 29, 1880[25] and became president on January 1, 1881. In December 1881, the LIRR leased the NY&MB and NYBR&J as the Manhattan Beach Division,[26] with plans to change it to standard gauge and build connections to the Atlantic Avenue Division and Montauk Division.[27] The lines from East New York to Manhattan Beach and Bay Ridge were re-gauged after the 1882 season, and the Long Island City and Manhattan Beach Railroad (incorporated February 24, 1883) built a connection from the new Cooper Avenue Junction north to another new junction, Fresh Pond Junction, on the Montauk.[28] Trains began running from Flatbush Avenue to Manhattan Beach via the Atlantic Avenue Division on May 30, 1883,[29] and from Long Island City via the Montauk Division on June 2, 1883.[30]

For the 1884 season (opened May 29), the double-track narrow gauge line between East New York and Greenpoint was replaced with a single standard gauge track.[31] 1885 was the last year that trains ran to Greenpoint, and the line between Greenpoint and the Bushwick Branch crossing was abandoned in October;[11] they started using Bushwick instead in the 1886 season.[32] Passenger trains stopped serving the line, later the Evergreen Branch, to Bushwick in 1894.[citation needed]

The New York, Bay Ridge and Jamaica Railroad, New York and Manhattan Beach Railroad, and Long Island City and Manhattan Beach Railroad merged on August 27, 1885 to form the New York, Brooklyn and Manhattan Beach Railway.[3] This company was merged into the LIRR on June 19, 1925,[33] and the Glendale and East River Railroad was abvorbed in 1928.[citation needed]

The line south of Manhattan Beach Junction was upgraded to a grade-separated embankment shared with the Brighton Beach Line during 1907-1909. A New York State prohibition on racetrack wagering and the decline of the more upscale resorts on Coney Island, combined with more direct and lower-priced competition from nearby rapid transit and streetcar lines, led to a rapid decline in the Manhattan Beach's economic viability. Passenger service ended completely in 1924, and freight ended in the early 1930s.[citation needed]

[edit] List of stationsEdit

Miles from LIC Name Opened Closed
5.06[34] Myrtle Avenue 1893 May 14, 1924
5.50[34] Cypress Avenue

originally Dummy Crossing, then Ridgewood

June 2, 1883 May 14, 1924
Cooper Avenue June 2, 1883 1894
Central Avenue June 2, 1883 1884
6.53[34] Bushwick Avenue 1884 1915
Fulton Street 1914 May 14, 1924
7.00[34] East New York

earlier Manhattan Crossing

July 18, 1877 May 14, 1924
New Lots Road July 18, 1877 1897
9.22[34] Rugby

earlier Ford's Corners

1888 May 14, 1924
10.18[34] Kouwenhoven July 18, 1877 May 14, 1924
11.45[34] Vanderveer Park

earlier Flatlands

1878 May 14, 1924
Kings County Central Junction June 29, 1878[21] late 1878
12.04[34] Ocean Avenue July 18, 1877 May 14, 1924
12.87[34] South Greenfield July 18, 1877 May 14, 1924
13.51[34] King's Highway 1883 May 14, 1924
14.46[34] Neck Road 1893 May 14, 1924
14.77[34] Race Track
15.10[34] Sheepshead Bay July 18, 1877 May 14, 1924
16.10[34] Manhattan Beach July 18, 1877 May 14, 1924

[edit] Line from Greenpoint(a.k.a.; Evergreen Branch)Edit

Miles Name Opened Closed
Greenpoint May 16, 1878 September 28, 1885
Fifth Avenue 1878 1879
Humboldt Street May 16, 1878 September 28, 1885
Grand Street May 16, 1878 September 28, 1885
South Side Railroad Crossing May 16, 1878

June 1886

May 25, 1881

1890

Ridgewood

earlier DeKalb Avenue

July 14, 1878 1894
Myrtle Avenue May 16, 1878 May 1882
Cooper Avenue June 2, 1883 1894